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Butterfly Plants  

Pipevine Swallowtail
(Battus philenor)

Caterpillar hosts: Pipevines (Aristolochia species), including Aristolochia californica, A. serpentaria and others.

Adult food: Solely nectar from flowers including thistles (Cirsium species), bergamot, lilac, viper's bugloss, common azaleas, phlox, teasel, azaleas, dame's-rocket, lantana, petunias, verbenas, lupines, yellow star thistle, California buckeye, yerba santa, brodiaeas, and gilias.

The Pipevine Swallowtail butterfly can be found in a wide variety of open habitats, open woodland, and woodland edges.

Butterfly Garden Plants

Common nectar plants in the Garden include:
  • Asters
  • Bidens
  • Buddleia
  • Centranthus
  • Cosmos
  • Daisies
  • Lilacs
  • Marigolds
  • Sweet William
  • Verbenas
  • Wallflowers (Erysimums)
  • Zinnias


All the flowers make a sensational garden, and the female butterflies will pass through the garden nectaring- but they will not stay. In the butterfly's short life, the female will be looking for the specific larval food plants on which she must lay her eggs.

The following list identifies the larval food plants for butterflies commonly seen in the Hallberg Butterfly Gardens.

Common larval food plants in the Garden include:
  • Mourning Cloak: Willow
  • Monarch: Milkweed
  • Pipevine Swallowtail: Pipevine
  • Tiger Swallowtail: Willow, Alder, Poplar, Apple
  • Anise Swallowtail: Carrot family: Anise, Carrot, Bill, Fennel, Parsley
  • Cabbage White: Cabbage family, Nasturtium
  • Buckeye: Plantain, Snapdragon family
  • West Coast Lady: Hollyhock family
  • Painted Lady: Hollyhock family
  • Skipper (4 kinds): Bunch Grasses
  • Militta Crescent: Asters
  • Gray Hairstreak: Hollyhock family
  • Red Admiral: Stinging Nettles, Hops
  • Checkered Skipper: Hollyhock family
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